A collection of published academic studies supporting gardening is a mental health tool - actively engaging the senses, physically engaging the body, mind, body & spirit. 

Is gardening associated with greater happiness of urban residents? A multi-activity, dynamic assessment in the Twin-Cities region, USA

Graham Ambrose, Kirti Das Yingling Fan & Anu Ramaswami

Landscaping & Urban Planning, Volume 198, June 2020, 103776


• Household gardening supports high emotional well-being scores across 5 measures.

• The type of gardening (ornamental v. vegetable) is linked to emotional well-being.

• Self-identified, low income and female gardeners are associated with higher emotional well-being.

• Companionship of household gardeners was not significant for emotional well-being.

Nature Prescription for Health A Review of Evidence and Research Opportunities

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

17 (4213):4213 June 2020

Let Nature Be Thy Medicine: A Socioecological Exploration of Green Prescribing in the UK

Jake M. Robertson, Anna Jorgensen, Ross Cameron, Paul Brindley

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(3460):3460, May 2020

Time for a (gardening) break: investigating a specific green exercise initiative for staff and health and wellbeing in a corporate environment

Mark Christie

May 2020

New trends in urban environmental health research: from geography of diseases to therapeutic landscapes and healing gardens

Diana Dushkova, Maria Ignatieva

Geography, Environment, Sustainability, Vol 13, No 1, p 159-171 April 2020

Regular Doses of Nature: The Efficacy of Green Exercise Interventions for Mental Wellbeing

Mike Rogerson, Carly Jane Wood, Jules N Pretty Patrick Schoenmakers

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(5): 1526 · February 2020 

Horticultural Activity: Its Contribution to Stress Recovery and Wellbeing for Children

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

17 (4):1229 February 2020

Horticultural Therapy Program for People with Mental Illness: A Mixed-Method Evaluation

Andrew MH Siu, Michael C. Y. Kam

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17 (3): 711 January 2020

Gardens & Gardening

David Crouch

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography (Second Edition) 2020, Pg 253-258

Potential of a Small Indoor Plant on the Desk for Reducing Office Workers’ Stress

Masahiro Toyoda, Yuko Yokota, Marni Barnes, Midori Kaneko. 

American Society for Horticultural Science, 2019; 1

Veterans in substance abuse treatment program self-initiate box gardening as a stress reducing therapeutic modality

Complementary Therapies in Medicine Vol 36, February 2018, Pg 50-53

Lauren P. Lehmann, Jonna G. Detweiler, Mark B. Detweiler

“That Guy, Is He Really Sick at All?” An Analysis of How Veterans with PTSD Experience Nature-Based Therapy

Dorthe Varning Poulsen, Ulrika K. Stigsdotter, Annette Sofie Davidsen

Healthcare June 2018

Beyond Productivity: Considering the Health, Social Value and Happiness of Home and Community Food Gardens

Urban Science 2(4):97 September 2018 Georgia Csortan, James Ward, Philip E. J. Roetman & Belinda Chiera

Funding Trees for Health: An Analysis of Finance and Policy Actions to Enable Tree Planting for Public Health

Rob McDonald , Lida Aljabar , Craig Aubuchon , Howard G. Birnbaum , Chris Chandler , Bill Toomey , Jad Daley , Warren Jimenez , Erich Trieschman , Joel Paque1 , Matt Zeiper

The Nature Conservatory, Trust for Public Land & Analysis Group September 24 2017

How Cities Can Harness the Public Health  Benefits of   Urban Trees
The Nature Conservatory 2017

Gardening is Beneficial for Health: A Meta-Analysis

Masashi Soga, Kevin J. Gaston, Yuichi Yamaura

Preventive Medicine Reports Vol 5, March 2017 Pg 92-99

The Impact of Green Exercise on Volunteers' Mental Health and Wellbeing-Findings from a Community Project in a Woodland Setting

Mark Allan Christie, MA , Fiona Cole, MSc

Journal of Therapeutic Horticulture 2016: Volume XXVI Issue II

My garden – my mate? Perceived restorativeness of private gardens and its predictors

Renate Cervika,  Markus Schwabab, Regina Schönbauer, Isabella Hämmerle, Laura Pirgie, JenniferSudkamp

Urban Forestry & Urban Greening Volume 16, 2016 Pgs 182-187

Interaction with indoor plants may reduce psychological and physiological stress by suppressing autonomic nervous system activity in young adults: a randomized crossover study

Min-Sun Lee, Juyoung Lee, Bum-Jin Park, and Yoshifumi Miyazaki

Journal of Physiological Anthropology (2015); 34 (1): 21

Interaction with indoor plants may reduce psychological and physiological stress by suppressing autonomic nervous system activity in young adults: a randomized crossover study

Min-sun Lee, Juyoung Lee, Bum-Jin Park & Yoshifumi Miyazaki Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015; 34 (1): 21 April 28 2015

The benefits of gardening and food growing for health and wellbeing

Gareth Davies, Maria Devereaux, Margi Lennartsson, Ulrich Schmutz and Sarah Williams 

Garden Organic and Sustain April 2014

Gardening as a mental health intervention: A review

Jane Clatworthy, Joe Hinds, Paul M. Camic

Mental Health Review Journal 18 (4) September 2013

The domestic garden – Its contribution to urban green infrastructure

Ross W.F. Cameron, Tijana Blanuša Jane E. Taylor, Andrew Salisbury, Andrew J. Halstead, Béatrice Henricot & Ken Thompson

Urban Forestry & Urban Greening Vol 11, Issue 2, 2012, Pgs 129-137

Gardening Promotes Neuroendocrine and Affective Restoration from Stress

Agnes E Van Den Berg, Mariette H.G. Custers

Journal of Health Psychology June 3 2010

Landscapes of the lifespan: Exploring accounts of own gardens and gardening

Harriert Gross, Nicola Lane

Journal of Environmental Psychology Vol 27, Iss 3, Sept 2007, Pgs 225-241


What Makes  a Garden a Healing Garden

Ulrika K. Stigsdotter & Patrik Grahn

Journal of Therapeutic Horticulture. 13. 60-69, January 2002

Home Gardeners Value Stress Reduction and Interaction with Nature

C. Catanzaro, E. Ekanem

ISHS Acta Horticulturae 639: XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Expanding Roles for Horticulture in Improving Human Well-Being and Life Quality, 269-275 2001